Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa As Europe grew during the Industrial Revolution, many countries sought to expand their empires and sought to obtain natural resources to help with their economic growth. In 1870, Europe controlled 10% of Africa, take a look at this map: “Scramble for Africa”Links to an external site.
By 1914, they controlled most of the continent except for Liberia, a nation that had been created for freed American slaves and Ethiopia which had fought off their invaders.
- What factors were behind the “scramble for Africa,” and what impact did it have on the continent?
- How did the subject peoples respond to colonialism, and what role did nationalism and Social Darwinism play in their response?
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