Meaning any picture, image, graphic image file, or other visual depiction that has been taken as a whole and with respect to minors, appeals to an excessive interest in nudity, sex, or excretion; depicts, describes, or represents, in a patently offensive way with respect to what is suitable for minors, an actual or simulated sexual act or sexual contact, actual or simulated normal or perverted sexual acts, or a lewd exhibition of the genitals; and taken s a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value as to minors.
The law also states that a school or library may disable the technology protection measures concerned, during use by an adult, to enable access for bona fide research or other lawful purpose. Public Schools and Public Libraries must comply with CHIP to be able to take advantage of E-rating discounts for telecommunication resources and LAST grants for various programs. The act has several requirements for institutions to meet before they can receive overspent funds.
Libraries and schools must provide reasonable public notice and hold at least one public hearing or meeting to address the proposed Internet safety policy. The meeting must address the purpose for this policy such as, actions to restrict a minor’s access to inappropriate or harmful materials on the Internet. Make sure security and safety measures of minors using chat rooms email, instant messaging, or any other types of online communications are in place.
Also, addressing the unauthorized disclosure of a minor’s personal information and unauthorized access like hacking by minors. However, CHIP does not require the internet to be tracked and all Internet access, even by adults, must be filtered, though filtering requirements can be less restrictive for adults. There was also an attempt to expand CHIP to include social networking, like Face book and other similar sites, was considered by the U. S. Congress in 2006 called Deleting Online Predators Act (DOPE).
More attempts have been made recently by the International Society for Technology in Education (SITE) and he Consortium for school networking (CONS) urging Congress to update CHIP terms for regulating, not totally abolishing, students’ access to social networking and chat rooms. 1ST E or Cons wish to ban these online communications entirely.