poetry and langston hughes essay research paper

Poetry And Langston Hughes Essay, Research Paper

Poetry and the World of Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes enchanted the universe as he threw the truth of the hurting that the Negro society had endured into most of his plants. He attempted to do it clear that society in America was still undeniably racialist. For illustration, Conrad Kent Rivers declared, Oh if Muse would allow me go through Harlem with you as the usher, I excessively, could sing of black America ( Rampersad 297 ) . From his creativeness and passion for the capable affair, he has been described as one of the most acute and capturing authors in the history of world. He besides was described as rather perchance the most grossly misjudged poet of major importance in America ( Jemie 187 ) . He entrances you into his poesy, and at the same clip, reveals the nitty-gritty truth in modern society. His plants do non all contain the same attitude, but do have the same constructs of the lives of the common black common people ( ALCU 313 ) . The Negro Speaks of Rivers 1 and Harlem ( A Dream Deferred ) 2 are two illustrations of Langston Hughes prowess in poetic look that can be dissimilar while still showing the same positions on the trials of African-Americans.

Harlem ( A Dream Deferred ) is short, to the point and opens up Langston Hughes universe of symbolism. In composing this, Mr. Hughes used symbolism so extensively that when most persons read it, they do non hold on the true purpose of each word. The images that Hughes conveys in Harlem are centripetal, domestic, earthly, like blues images ( Jemie 78 ) . It possesses an aggressive attitude and displays the rough world of the universe in which coloured people live. He uses five objects that about deceive the reader: a raisin, a sore, meat, a Sweet, and a burden. Each object is seen from the exterior and non to the full apprehended ( Berry 132 ) . Hughes uses personification on the raisin and the sore to coerce the reader into utilizing an unfastened head. The raisin symbolizes the Afro-american in that he/she has fallen from a comfortable vine and has been used and ignored in the dominate white society with the disposition that he/she will decompose and vanish. The raisin refuses its fate and becomes an annoying sore that will non withdraw in the white civilization. The sore begins to stink ( or do a load for the white society ) . This malodor coincides to the malodor of icky meat sold to many black folks in ghetto food markets ( Jemie 78 ) . The sweet represents the sort of confect that is yearned for and fulfilling. Ironically, the Sweet turns out to be yet another letdown. It leaves a thick gustatory sensation as the good gustatory sensation of the spoilt Sweet goes off.

The deferred dream consists of small things of no great consequence separately. Once bound up together, they create an huge tenseness. The tenseness builds as clip goes by and becomes overpowering for anyone to manage for an extended sum of clip. This is the burden, or the accretion of small things able to be handled when all combined. The burden over clip begins to drag the single down or do them to droop. If the small things can non be contained, so the single drops the burden. Once dropped, the huge tenseness is able to detonate from the abrasiveness of the world rolled up inside it.

The Negro Speaks of Rivers is possibly Langston Hughes most profound and most frequently quoted verse form ( Berry 29 ) . The construct is of an persons psyche that has endured through the ages of clip and has been able to see the function alterations of African-Americans. It uses repetitive statements throughout, and one of these statements besides concludes it: My psyche has grown deep like the rivers ( McMahon, Day, and Funk 589 ) . It is a heavy evocation of transcedent kernels so ancient as to look timeless, preceding human being, longer than human memory ( Jemie 103 ) . This verse form utilizes symbolism at great extent. For illustration, the rivers symbolize an extension of God s organic structure and contribute to His immortality. The rivers chosen for the verse form are all celebrated rivers that are recognized as holding enigma and a uninterrupted flow ( the Euphrates, the Congo, the Nile, and the Mississippi ) . The rivers besides appear in order of their function in black history. The psyche in the verse form belo

nanograms to an person that has bonded with the rivers kernels, therefore giving him/her the immortality of the rivers ( or God s immortality ) . The turning point that leads to the comfortable hereafter is the great Mississippi turning from boggy H2O into gold. This represents President Abraham Lincoln s Proclamation. As clip goes by, civilisations rise and autumn while the rivers deepen. This in bend gives the psyche more experience and as the rivers continuously flow, the psyche will last.

Survival is the footing for these two verse forms despite calamity and trial. They are besides both really intriguing in that they draw you into the fortunes of the verse form while exposing for you the ocular facets of the environment in which they are set. It is easy to conceive of the objects or scenery that Hughes describes and it allows the reader to about literally “autumn” into the verse form. They both use symbolism of objects in great item: The raisin, sore, meat, Sweet, and burden in Harlem ( A dream Deferred ) ,” and the celebrated rivers in The Negro Speaks of Rivers. In add-on, clip is represented in both every bit good. For illustration, in order for the raisin to decompose and vanish, the meat to go icky, and the Sweet to botch in Harlem ( A Dream Deferred ) , clip must be active. Similarly, the ages of clip base on balls in The Negro Speaks of Rivers as the psyche ventures from before human being to the promising hereafter of African americans that is beyond our foresight. Soul searching is a concealed construct of these verse forms. The Negro Speaks of Rivers is chiefly the beginning and unknown terminal of a psyche belonging to an Afro-american. Likewise, Harlem ( A Dream Deferred ) is of an Afro-american psyche sketching certain trials he/she brushs on its journey to the unknown terminal.

However, these two verse forms are besides rather different. As an illustration, The Negro Speaks of Rivers is uplifting, and has great religious significance. It is a fabricated verse form of optimism. Yet, Harlem ( A Dream Deferred ) embodies a negative, dark, and aggressive subject that carries the nitty-gritty truth to the support of African-Americans. As the psyche in The Negro Speaks of Rivers ventures through clip, the stoping insinuates the endurance of African-Americans in this America. This could easy be called a victory over trial. Conversely, Harlem ( A Dream Deferred ) is tribulation but with unsure victory. The stoping is ne’er given, and the reader does non cognize if the dreamer has persevered over the trial. The general lineation of The Negro Speaks of Rivers uses rivers repetitiously and contains really small rime and fluxing beats, while Harlem ( A Dream Deferred ) does non incorporate a individual word used repetitiously. Furthermore, Harlem ( A Dream Deferred ) uses rime throughout and contains definite reiterating emphasis, which is beat.

In decision, Langston Hughes embraced the wide spectrum of Afro-american experiences in his poesy ( Walker 75 ) . He demonstrated the discrepancies of different attacks and methods, while still concentrating on the his place refering the lives of common black people. These two verse forms have great significance together for they contain similarities in intent, while besides incorporating huge differences in construction, format, and poetic devices used. These differences in construction, format, and poetic devices used compared to his accent on the lives of African-Americans, are black and white … which from him, truly does non count.

Plants Cited

ALCU. Our Endangered Rights. Ed. Norman Dorson. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984.

Berry, Faith. Langston Hughes: Before and Beyond Harlem. Westport, Connecticut: Lawrence Hill & A; Company, 1983.

Jemie, Onwuchekwa. Langston Hughes, An Introduction to the Poetry. Ed. John Unterecker. New York: Columbia University Press, 1976.

McMahon, Day, and Funk. Literature and the Writing Process. 5th erectile dysfunction. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1999.

Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes: I Dream a World. Vol. 2. New York & A; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Walker, Melissa. Down from the Mountaintop. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1991.

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