It is a fact that water is important for humans to survive. Our body needs water so it can function properly. According to World Health Organization, The safety and accessibility of drinking water are major concerns throughout the world. Consumption of water contaminated with infectious agents, toxic chemicals, and radiological hazards can pose serious health risk. As a result, water treatment and purification methods are now thought as of good practice to protect health and well-being.
There has been a big change in the way filipino consume water over the last ten years. Whereas before they relied on safe drinking tap water, these days almost everyone has at one point would buy or consume bottled water. It is no wonder that business establishments selling filtered/purified water continue to rise. Still few questions linger. Do people percieve bottled water safer to drink than tap water? How happy are they to spend extra pesos for bottled drinking water? Furthermore, Do people see bottled drinking water as part of their daily drinking habbit?
This research will focus on the consumption pattern of bottled water in the hope of finding out if, aside from it’s pure health benefits, there are other underlying reasons in the purchase of bottled water. It will investigate how people percieve bottled water in terms of cost, health benefits and lifestyle. Problem of the study This study sought to determine the perception of BU Freshmen students towards the bottled drinking water. Specifically, the researchers wish to elicit answers to the following questions: In terms of health benefits, do people perceive bottled water safer to drink than tap water?
What is the level of awareness of people of health benefits of various types of bottled water available in the market? In terms of lifestyle, do people’s consumption of bottled water differ as to whether they are in or outside their homes? In terms of cost, do price and product branding affect people’s choice of bottled water? Scope and Delimitation This study covers only the the Bicol University Freshmen students who consume bottled drinking water and tap water. Thus, the researchers delimits other level on the said university and other school and institutions. Significance of the study
This study will bring benefits to the following: The Students, for further information about the water that they certainly consume for life, and for “precausions”to their actions that they must possess. The Researchers, to arrive at the answers especially to know which is more safe source of drinking water. The Future Researchers, This will be a guide for them in making their own researches in line with the subject matter of the study. This will provide them pionters and ideas on how they can formulate pertinent problems and come up with a very challenging research that will incite fruitfull discoveries.
Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES Drinking water is one of the necceseties of human being, infact it composes 80% of the huhman body. Thus, the researcher would like to to show the basic sources of drinking water its effects to human lifesytle and other literature and studies for a clearer sysnthesis and conclusion about the study. Definition of terms The researcher likes to focus on the following definition of terms to make the research clear; Tap water (running water, city water, municipal water, etc. ) is potable water supplied to a tap (valve) inside the household or workplace.
It is a principal component of “outdoor plumbing”. (wikipedia. org)1 Bottled water a drinking water (often spring water) that is put into bottles and offered for sale. ( www. thefreedictionary. com)2 Types of botted water Spring Water: Ah, the ever-popular “spring water” is defined as bottled water derived from an underground formation from which water flows naturally to the surface of the earth. To qualify as spring water, it must be collected only at the spring or through a borehole tapping the underground formation feeding the spring.
Mineral Water, contains not less than 250 parts per million total dissolved solids and is defined by its constant level and relative proportions of mineral and trace elements at the point of emergence from the source. No minerals can be added to the water. (http://www. myspringwater. com)3 Sparkling Water or Carbonated water, also known as sparkling water, fizzy water and seltzer, is plain water into which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved, and is the major and defining component of most soft drinks. The process of dissolving carbon dioxide gas is called carbonation. (www. finewaters. om)4 Related Literatures Sam Tsiryulnikov, Los Angeles, CA,Dear EarthTalk: Bottled water companies would have us all believe that tap water is unsafe to drink. But I’ve heard that most tap water is actually pretty safe. Is this true? Despite these seemingly alarming stats, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), which has also conducted extensive tests on municipal water supplies as well as bottled water, says:
“In the short term, if you are an adult with no special health conditions, and you are not pregnant, then you can drink most cities’ tap water without having to worry. This is because most of the contaminants in public water supplies exist at such small concentrations that most people would have to ingest very large quantities for health problems to occur. NRDC does caution, however, that “pregnant women, young children, the elderly, people with chronic illnesses and those with weakened immune systems can be especially vulnerable to the risks posed by contaminated water. ” The group suggests that anyone who may be at risk obtain a copy of their city’s annual water quality report (they are mandated by law) and review it with heir physician. As for bottled water, it is first important to know that 25 to 30 percent of it comes straight from municipal tap water systems, despite the pretty nature scenes on the bottles that imply otherwise. Some of that water goes through additional filtering, but some does not. NRDC has researched bottled water extensively and has found that it is “subject to less rigorous testing and purity standards than those which apply to city tap water. ”Bottled water is required to be tested less frequently than tap water for bacteria and chemical contaminants, and U. S.
Food and Drug Administration bottled water rules allow for some contamination by E. coli or fecal coliform, contrary to EPA tap water rules that prohibit any such contamination. Similarly, NRDC found that there are no requirements for bottled water to be disinfected or tested for parasites such as cryptosporidium or giardia, unlike more stringent EPA rules regulating tap water. This leaves open the possibility, says NRDC, that some bottled water may present similar health threats to those with weakened immune systems, the elderly and others they caution about drinking tap water. (http://environment. about. om/od/healthenvironment/a/tap_water_safe. htm)5 Cases of the dangerous, gastrointestinal disease, cholera have been seen at epidemic levels in the Bicol Region according to Department of Health (DOH) reports. The surge of cholera in the area has prompted health officials to declare an epidemic. According to a Philippine Information Agency report Saturday, the number of people affected by cholera in the region stands at 3,158 for the first half of 2012. Of the 3,000-plus cases, 30 ended in death. These numbers dwarf the first half of 2011 in the Region, which tallied 445 cases and only 4 deaths for the same period.
The DOH Regional Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit say the province of Catanduanes has been hit the hardest by cholera with 1,831 cases and 14 deaths reported. It is caused by the bacterium, Vibrio cholerae. Serogroups O1 and O139 are the types associated with the epidemiological characteristics of cholera (outbreaks). The bacteria are acquired through ingestion of contaminated water or food through a number of mechanisms. Water is usually contaminated by the feces of infected individuals. Drinking water can be contaminated at the source, during transport or during storage at home. (http://www. xaminer. com/article/cholera-declared-an-epidemic-bicol-philippines)6 Why do people drink bottled water instead of water from the tap? Convenience. Water out of my fridge taste better than bottled. I can taste the plastic of bottled water. (http://answers. yahoo. com/question/index? qid=20080220071541AA6GETd)7 Chris Baskind (Mother Nature Network 2010)8 Argues that there are five reasons why not to drink bottled water first Bottled water isn’t a good value . Second, No healthier than tap water. Third, Bottled water means garbage. Fourth, Bottled water means less attention to public systems. astly, The corporatization of water.
Sipping bottled water has become such a habit for people trying to live healthier — think Jennifer Aniston and her Smartwater ads. Choosing water over sugary sodas is great, but many people think bottled water is healthier than good ol’ water from the tap. And cleaner too. But research has found that is not true. In fact, bottled water could contain more impurities than tap water — that’s not smart at all. Here are two reasons to skip the bottled water and opt for tap. Tap water is highly regulated. It is regularly checked for traces of E. oli and fecal coliform bacteria. The FDA doesn’t hold the same rules for bottled water. Tap water must be tested for coliform bacteria 100 or more times a month. Bottled water companies are only required to test once a week. (http://www. fitsugar. com/Reasons-Choose-Tap-Water-Over-Bottled-3947535)9 According to the Earth Policy Institute (EPI)10 , some 2. 7 million tons of petroleum-derived plastic are used to bottle water around the world every year. “Making bottles to meet Americans’ demand for bottled water requires more than 1. 5 million barrels of oil annually, enough to fuel some 100,000 U.
S. cars for a year,” says EPI researcher Emily Arnold. And just because we can recycle these bottles does not mean that we do: The Container Recycling Institute reports that 86 percent of plastic water bottles in the U. S. end up as garbage or litter. Environmental Working Group (EWG)11, bottled water costs up to 1,900 times more than tap water. And the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)12 reports that 90 percent or more of the money consumers shell out for it pays for everything but the water itself: bottling, packaging, shipping, marketing, other expenses—and, of course, profits.
However Tap water, though treated and deemed safe for human consumption, still contains a certain level of bacteria. These types of bacteria can usually be broken into one of just a few groups: iron bacteria, sulfur bacteria and coliform bacteria being the most common. Tap water, though treated and deemed safe for human consumption, still contains a certain level of bacteria. These types of bacteria can usually be broken into one of just a few groups: iron bacteria, sulfur bacteria and coliform bacteria being the most common. ( eHow. om)13 World Health Organization (WHO) 14 says that water, sanitation and hygiene have important impacts on both health and disease.
First, those due to micro-organisms and chemicals in water people drink; second, diseases like schistosomiasis which have part of their lifecycle in water; third, diseases like malaria with water-related vectors; lastly, legionellosis carried by aerosols containing certain micro-organisms. End note 1(wikipedia. org) 2(www. thefreedictionary. com) 3(http://www. myspringwater. com) 4(www. finewaters. com) 5(http://environment. about. com/od/healthenvironment/a/tap_water_safe. htm) 6(http://www. examiner. om/article/cholera-declared-an-epidemic-bicol-philippines) 7(http://answers. yahoo. com/question/index? qid=20080220071541AA6GETd) 8Chris Baskind (Mother Nature Network 2010) 9(http://www. fitsugar. com/Reasons-Choose-Tap-Water-Over-Bottled-3947535) 10Earth Policy Institute (EPI) 11Environmental Working Group (EWG) 12Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) 13( eHow. com) 14World Health Organization (WHO) Chapter III RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY This chapter presents the methods, sources of data, research instrument, statistical treatment and procedures employed by the researchers in realizing the objectives of this study.
Research Method This study attempted to determine the awareness level of the respondents and discover their attitudes toward drinking water. To achieve this basic purpose, the researchers made a survey to find information about the source of water mostly used by BU freshmen students. This method involves the elucidation of the data that were gathered from the respondents by using check box, analysis and explanation/s. Sources of Data The primary source of data in this study is a set of questionnaire distributed and retrieved from the one hundred respondents who are all certified freshmen students of Bicol University.
The secondary source was the World Wide Web, which contain discussions pertinent to the present inquiry. Research Instrument The study employed a set of questionnaire as an instrument in gathering the needed data. It is composed of two parts to gauge the respondent’s perception in their mostly used source of drinking water. The second part is to discover the reason/s of their answers from the first part. For a clearer information, an added questionnaire is located after the statement of
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