Some thinkers have argued that Descartes starts modern philosophy

Some thinkers have argued that Descartes starts modern philosophy on a bad path because he based knowledge on certainty, and there are very few things in life that we can know with certainty.  What do you think of this view?

Some thinkers have argued that Descartes starts modern philosophy

Some thinkers have argued that Descartes starts modern philosophy on a bad path because he based knowledge on certainty, and there are very few things in life that we can know with certainty.  What do you think of this view?

(This question comes from Miller at the end of the chapter on Berkeley), “In spite of its apparent radicalness, Berkeley views his theory of reality as the most commonsensical.  How would you defend this claim in your own words?  In the end, is it really commonsensical?

More details;

René Descartes is often credited with being the “Father of Modern Philosophy.” This title is justified due both to his break with the traditional Scholastic-Aristotelian philosophy prevalent at his time and to his development and promotion of the new, mechanistic sciences. His fundamental break with Scholastic philosophy was twofold. First, Descartes thought that the Scholastics’ method was prone to doubt given their reliance on sensation as the source for all knowledge. Second, he wanted to replace their final causal model of scientific explanation with the more modern, mechanistic model.

Descartes attempted to address the former issue via his method of doubt. His basic strategy was to consider false any belief that falls prey to even the slightest doubt. This “hyperbolic doubt” then serves to clear the way for what Descartes considers to be an unprejudiced search for the truth. This clearing of his previously held beliefs then puts him at an epistemological ground-zero. From here Descartes sets out to find something that lies beyond all doubt. He eventually discovers that “I exist” is impossible to doubt and is, therefore, absolutely certain. It is from this point that Descartes proceeds to demonstrate God’s existence and that God cannot be a deceiver.

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