stereotyping in the media essay research paper

My subject will turn to how minorities and adult females are misrepresented in the media and how they are stereotyped. I plan to demo how minorities and adult females are depicted or stereotyped below the belt in the intelligence, on telecasting, and in general.

In an article from USA Today magazine, it illustrated that if you have watched, listened to, and read media all your life, you likely have filed these images into your believing procedure: African americans are largely rap stars, professional jocks, drug nuts, public assistance female parents, felons and/or liquidators; Latinos are illegal foreigners, nescient immigrants who take, but give small back to the state and can’t even talk the linguistic communication, or drug-crazed hoods who have no regard for jurisprudence or order; Asian-Americans are either weak, theoretical account citizens or cryptic, manipulative, or uncaring encroachers of concern, particularly in the United States; Native Americans are illiterate, bibulous Indians who hate all Caucasians and kip away their lives. ( Saltzman, 1994 ) If you are like most middle-class Americans, most of what you know about members of other races or faiths comes from what you read in the paper, hear on wireless, or see on telecasting. It is easy to see that racial and cultural stereotypes still dominate much of describing today. In today’s media, African-Americans, Latinos, Asian-Americans and Native Americans either are treated as unseeable or the beginning of a peculiar job: offense, in-migration, or the economic system. In mention to Native-Americans: when you watch a athletics such as the Atlanta Braves baseball squad or the Washington Redskins football squad, you see the hatchet chop and chants at these baseball or football games. Anything incorrect with this?

As for Hispanics, “You find a few Spanish americans sprinkled through the webs but in back uping functions” says Hollywood publicizer, Luis Reyes. “They are put at that place for color.” ( Heller 1994 ) In 1993, Hispanics who numbered 25 million in the United States, played in merely 11 of the 800 prime-time web Television parts, harmonizing to a March 1993 Newsweek survey. Another survey conducted by the Center for Media and Public Affairs, found that of more than 7,000 Television characters on 620 prime-time shows between 1955 and 1987, there were 2 per centum Hispanics and 6 per centum Blacks. Last twelvemonth, Common Law lasted merely four episodes on ABC. Today, there are no shows that I can believe of that are all Hispanic — you have to travel to overseas telegram Television to happen a show.

Now turning to Asians on Television, if you remember the show “All American Girl” which depicted a Korean household, it is no longer on the air. Where do we see them now? No where.

Now let’s focal point on African-Americans. Television’s most outstanding black work forces are jocks and entertainers. On the tribunal, on the field, on the blame phase, they are heroes to both Whites and Blacks, peculiarly to the immature. What does this make? They may give an waxy spectator the impression that velocity, strength, and bad linguistic communication will make for them what it has done for its heroes. Elsewhere on the little screen can be found black intelligence ground tackles, newsmans and observers every bit good as histrions, societal workers, instructors, and public functionaries who represents different roads to achievement. But non even Colin Powell can vie in the dreams of most childs with that of a Shaquille O’Neal or Michael Jordan.

Dr. Camille Cosby, who received her doctor’s degree in instruction ( her hubby is Bill Cosby ) has written a book: “Television’s Imageable Influences: The Self Perception of Young African-Americans,” which charts the detrimental impact of derogative images of African americans produced by our media. She observed that self-pride is considered a pre-requisite for success. She states, “What impact would it hold on your mind to see your people invariably portrayed as the devoted retainer, the poulet and Citrullus vulgaris feeder, the sexual demigod, or the societal delinquent, among many other derogatory images? ” ;

It is for these and other grounds that Dr. Cosby wrote her book to stress the existent human cost of media misinformation and indifference. Dr. Cosby besides states, “As a female parent, I am really cognizant of what kids ticker and how they are influenced by Television, films, newspapers and art. The manner the media distorts our differences is a covert divide and conquer scheme which I regard as a misdemeanor of human rights.” ( Johnson, 1995 )

When Blacks are invited into places via telecasting, it obviously is easier for viewing audiences to express joy at African-Americans than to see them efficaciously turn toing their jobs.

Former Television comedies such as the extremely rated Roseanne and Grace Under Fire, addressed serious issues such as married woman maltreatment, forced unemployment, and divorce within the white on the job category, but similar issues come up short on black shows. This suggests that Blacks must be fun-loving and carefree no affair how dire the circumstance. This “Don’T concern, be happy” outlook was illustrated in “A Different World,” a comedy about black college life as a by-product from the land interrupting Cosby Show. But it focused on more partying; more relationship affairs than on serious faculty members.

As for adult females, a study which analyzed media coverage of adult females, found that the “white male, as reported by the media, is the elusive norm by which all else is gauged. ” ;

For illustration, when the topic is a white male, mention to his race and gender is seldom celebrated, whereas descriptive phrases, such as “black leader” or “female campaigner” are frequently employed in add-on to that individual’s name and rubric. Images and beliefs refering adult females are far more outstanding in our society than those of work forces. Womans are ever the 1s cookery, cleansing, making family undertakings or taking attention of kids. They are portrayed as being emotionally and physically inferior and submissive to work forces. Womans are visualized as weak animals. They tend to be confined to a life dictated by household and personal relationships. Work force about ever rule telecasting plans. Figures show that in telecasting play adult females are outnumbered by work forces 3:1 or 4:1; in sketchs adult females are outnumbered 10:1; and in soap operas adult females are outnumbered 7:3. ( Ingham 1997 ) In day-to-day shows such as soap operas, adult females are normally hysterical, shouting and emotionally out of control. This personifies adult females as being the inferior sex, which leads to many false stereotypes. Women as sex objects are the most common stereotype of adult females on telecasting.

Now turning to the telecasting web, Fox executives foremost embarked on their pursuit for the young-urban market dollar, by offering performing artists such as Keenan Ivory Wayans and Charles Dutton titles that promised an remarkably high grade of originative control for African-Americans. Of class, the trades weren’t precisely what they were cracked up to be. When the Television show, In Living Color hit large, the nouveau-riche web got greedy and attempted to do syndication dollars on Thursdays while go oning with first-run episodes

Lord’s daies. Naturally the Wayans household walked. And when the Television show Roc failed to gain large evaluations, Fox began utilizing its veto power over the shows content. The shows Roc and South Central depicted reality-based black households. Even though Roc was canceled, it went out with a battle. In a last ditch attempt to salve the working-class dramedy ( comedy/drama ) , 29 black members of Congress signed a missive of protest to Rupert Murdock ( President of Fox web ) while Congressman Ed Towns even issued a statement that members of the congressional black caucus will non stand for the “paternalistic” cancellation of positive black shows.

The star of Roc, Charles Dutton in noticing on his show in the magazine “Village Voice” says, “It is my sentiment that if I was making what Martin Lawrence was making, if I was making what some of the baffoon male characters on Populating Single were making, if our show was made of fluff-lightweight stuff such as Family Matters and the Fresh Prince of Bel Air, I would hold been on the air for five more seasons.” ( Zook, 1994 )

Now some solutions for the intelligence. More than 5,000 minority journalists at a integrity ‘ 94 conference in Atlanta, said the solution is to increase racial and cultural minorities in intelligence direction ranks so that those who report, edit and make up one’s mind what goes on via the media are proportionally representative of the populace at big. The figure of minorities in the media have increased in recent old ages, but that rate International Relations and Security Network’t fast plenty. It is indefensible that the work forces and few adult females who manage the media continue to make so without the benefit of adequate input from racial and cultural minorities to do a difference. ( Sunoo, 1994 )

Possibly in the telecasting sphere, we could inquire viewing audiences what they think about the shows on the air; we need to promote unfastened duologue. We need to demo that diverseness is a long-run committedness to alter. Don’t merely concentrate on diverseness when it’s black history month or Cinco De Mayo; focal point on diverseness all the clip.

In drumhead, I hope I have enlightened us all to cognize that there is minority deceit in the media, whether it be Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, Native Americans or Women. There are a figure of solutions possible, but until mainstream America sees it as a job, I don’t think it will alter excessively fast.

As for stereotyping, the familiar expression, “Don’t be excessively fast to judge a book by its screen” is easy to state, but unluckily most expression at the screen before opening the book.

References

  1. Heller, Michele A. ( 1994, August ) . “Off the air” Hispanic, 7, ( 7 ) , 30-34.
  2. Ingham, Helen. ( 1997, April 6 ) . “The portraiture of Women on television. ” ;
  3. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.aber.ac.uk/~edu.www/women/.html.
  4. Johnson, Robert E. ( 1995, February 27 ) . “Camille Cosby’s book explores negative images of Blacks in media.” Jet, 87, ( 16 ) , 60-62.
  5. Saltzman, Joe. ( 1994, November ) . “In whose image – media stereotypes of minorities.” USA Today ( magazine ) , 123, ( 2594 ) , 71.
  6. Sunoo, Brenda Paik. ( 1994, November ) . “Taping diverseness in America’s newsrooms.” Personnel Journal, 73 ( 11 ) , 104.
  7. Zook, Kristal Brent. ( 1994, June 28 ) . Blackout. Village Voice, 39 ( 26 ) , 51-54.

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