steven spielberg biography essay research paper rob

Steven Spielberg Biography Essay, Research Paper

Rob Martinelle

American Literature C Block

Research Paper: Final Draft

18 May, 1999

Steven Spielberg: Revolutionary and Airy

Who would hold thought that a superb calling in filmmaking could hold originated with a modest jar of Skippy Peanut Butter smeared on a neighbour? s window in a bantam Cincinnati suburb? One might non believe that such an mean boyhood buffoonery could germinate a male child into a adult male who would go the most financially successful movie manager in history. Well, that is precisely where Leah Spielberg, Steven Spielberg? s female parent, would follow her boy? s initial entry into going one of our state? s most originative narrators. ? His badness was so original, ? she recalls ( Stein 3 ) .

Steven Spielberg, the lone kid of Leah and Arnold Spielberg, was born on December 18, 1946 at the beginning of the Baby Boom old ages in Cincinnati, Ohio. It does non take a great stretch of the imaginativeness to see that Steven? s movie influences were derived from his male parent? s experience as a World War II veteran and computing machine technician and his female parent? s past profession as a concert piano player. The love and sum of engineering, history, and music within Steven? s movies can all be traced back to his early life with his household.

While many work forces returning from war ne’er want to repeat their experiences, Steven? s male parent seemed to be an exclusion. Steven said of his male parent, ? he intoxicated me with bedtime narratives about the war. His narratives were like the war films I was watching on telecasting, all worthy of cameo visual aspects by John Wayne? ( Stein 1 ) . It is no admiration that at the age of 12 Steven? s foremost movie, Fighter Squad, was filmed on a WWII combatant plane ( Corliss 79 ) . However, when Steven was unable to happen certain props or realistic backgrounds, he simulated dogfights and plane clangs by redacting in footage from a WWII docudrama. Merely a twelvemonth subsequently, in 1960, he featured the war household Jeep in his 2nd movie, Escape to Nowhere, which was an action image in which GIs invaded a Nazi hideaway in the Libyan Desert. Since his household had moved to Arizona in 1960, the Arizona desert near his house would easy retroflex the simulation of the Libyan Desert. It is clear that Steven? s love and cognition of ocular effects began many old ages before his creative activity of a mechanical great white shark in 1975. There have been many incidents throughout Steven’s childhood that have made it into his movies.

At the age of six, Steven? s father awoke him to witness a meteor shower in the center of the dark ( Stein 2 ) . In clip this event would besides happen its manner into his 1977 movie, Close Encounters of the Third Kind. The smile of a buffoon, a lifelessly tree outside a window, and being afraid at dark, all out of 1982? s Poltergeist, were all born out of Steven? s existent childhood phobic disorder ( 5 ) . Influence for movies such as 1993? s Academy Award winning drama/documentary Schindler? s List could be attributed Steven turning up in a Judaic household. Steven has recalled that during his yearss in school he felt discriminated from others for being apart of the lone Judaic household within the whole community ( Graham 530 ) . During the Christmas season, he would be embarrassed that his household? s house would be the lone one without visible radiations or ornaments. When his male parent offered to put a Menorah in the window, Steven responded, ? No! ? People will believe we? re Judaic? ( Graham 528 ) .

Steven has claimed to hold learned his Numberss as a yearling with the aid of a concentration cantonment subsister who pointed out the numbers tattooed on his arm. However, it was at high school, where he was foremost exposed to anti-semitic behaviour. He would endure verbal and sometimes physical maltreatment from other pupils. Making films was decidedly an flight for Steven who told the New York Post, ? I enjoy the sense of being transported and no longer believing anyone is in the audience? ( 529 ) .

? About three old ages after completing Escape to Nowhere, he made his first feature-length movie Firelight. It was a two-and-a-half-hour scientific discipline fiction heroic poem about an probe of cryptic visible radiations in the sky. However, it was besides a expression at a bouldery matrimony. Could the twosome within the movie have been Arnold and Leah who divorced when Steven was nineteen? Although Steven disregarded it as a awful movie, it was a commercial success. After his household had hired a local film theater to test it, it earned back its full 500-dollar budget in one night. ? ( Stein 7 )

Throughout high school, Steven did non have classs one might name? Harvard quality. ? Because of this, he was non accepted to any movie schools. Therefore, he subsequently enrolled in California State College where he majored in English. In his trim clip, he studied movies and spent a batch of clip seeking to acquire into the parking tonss of gesture image studios in an effort to acquire manufacturers to look into his movies. Unfortunately, the studios would non stir. It would non be until Sidney Sheinherg, caput of telecasting at Universal Studios, caught a glance of Steven? s 25 minute route film, Amblin. After seeing it, Sheinherg offered Steven a seven-year contract to direct telecasting episodes.

He would travel on to direct episodes of Marcus Welby, M.D. , Columbo, and The Name of the Game ( Corliss 80 ) . Finally Universal assigned Steven to his first made-for-television movie, Duel. Showing off his accomplishments at redacting and making heart-stomping action sequences, the movie was good received critically. Pauline Kael of the New Yorker writes, ? it is one of the most phenomenal introduction movies in the history of films? ( Graham 531 ) Many critics still see it? the best American telecasting film of all time made? ( 529 ) . Due to the movie? s success overseas, Universal Studios handed Steven the version of Peter Benchley? s popular novel Jaws, a narrative of a great white shark terrorising a seaboard community. The movie, starring Richard Dreyfuss and Roy Scheider, broke land in many ways. Aside from overshadowing every box office record at the clip, it broke land in ocular effects, building a mechanical, unmanned reproduction of a great white shark. Steven reflects back on 1975 during the shot of Jaws, ? it was the loneliest clip of my life. Jaws exacerbates the solitariness by the sheer size of the Atlantic Ocean and the challenge of hiting a complete gesture image on the H2O? ( Corliss 78 ) . Gary Arnold wrote of Jaws, ? There has ne’er been an adventure-thriller quite as terrorizing yet gratifying as Jaws, and it should put the criterion in its field for many old ages to come? ( Graham 529 ) . And that it did. The movie would put the criterion in the thriller genre with movies like John Carpenter? s 1978 slasher Halloween. Replace the seaboard community with Haddenfield, Illinois and the shark with? Michael Myers? and you have a premier illustration of the? Jaws? influence. Not merely act uponing the genre, the movie had a permanent affect on ordinary motion-picture fans likewise. Betty Martinelle, your mean movie fan recalls at the clip, ? although it likely didn? t maintain most people out of the H2O that summer, there? s barely a individual around that didn? T at least take a good glimpse at the H2O before traveling in? ( Martinelle ) . Aside from set uping himself as Hollywood? s manager to watch out for, Jaws marked his first clip join forcesing with composer and former caput of the Boston Pops, John Williams. He created the now celebrated two-note subject to the film every bit good as making the tonss for everyone of Steven? s movies to come subsequently. Grossing good over 200 million dollars, Jaws created the construct of the? summer film blockbuster. ?

Coming off the phenomenal success of Jaws, Steven went back to his passion for scientific discipline fiction with 1977? s Close Encounters of the Third Kind. The movie, which Steven both wrote and directed, focuses on an alien-obsessed household adult male played by Richard Dreyfuss and his captivation with foreign starships. ? It? s a film for people who like to utilize their imaginativenesss, ? he

told Film Comment ( Graham 530 ) . Stanley Kaufman described the movie? s coda as? one of the most overwhelming, sheerly cinematic experiences I can retrieve? ( 529 ) . Having released his 2nd box office knock in a row, Steven besides earned his first Oscar nomination every bit good. Unfortunately, he would lose in what would be the beginning of an Oscar losing run.

This clip period would besides tag his meeting and coaction with another manager whom he met at a movie festival, George Lucas. ? Steven saw Lucas as both compadre and competition? ( Empire 5 ) . The two would develop a close friendly relationship over the old ages that stands to this twenty-four hours and would join forces on many undertakings. Steven would be the executive manufacturer on Lucas? s 1977 mega-hit, Star Wars. The movie would even gross more money than that of Spielberg? s ain Jaws.

It was in 1981, nevertheless, that Lucas and Spielberg would join forces on Plunderers of the Lost Ark. Aside from doing the lead character Indiana Jones, played by Harrison Ford, the biggest action hero in American film next to James Bond, the movie was nil short of non-stop amusement and suspense. ? Raiders puts people in the same topographic point that made me desire to do films as a kid, which desiring to enchant, entertain, take people out of their seats to acquire them involved in the sort of duologue with the image you? ve made. They? re merely a batch of merriment to do? ( Graham 530 ) . Grossing around 300 million dollars and engendering two subsequences, it earned Steven his 2nd Oscar nomination for Best Director. While? Plunderers? gave him the repute as the maestro of action sequences, it would non be until subsequently on that he would be taken as a serious movie manager.

Following? Plunderers, ? Steven released what he calls his most personal movie, E.T. : The Extra-Terrestrial, in 1982. The movie, starring a so immature Henry Thomas and Drew Barrymore, told the narrative of an foreigner and his friendly relationship with a immature male child after being left behind by his starship. At the clip, Steven revealed to the Harper Bazaar, ? the film is about how I felt when my parents broke up? ( Corliss 78 ) . In the words of a USA Today columnist after E.T. ? s release, ? Steven is the first manager since Alfred Hitchcock to go a family name? ( Graham 530 ) . In add-on to gaining Steven yet another Oscar nomination which he lost once more, E.T. grossed about 400 million dollars crushing chap brother Lucas? s blockbuster, Star Wars.

Because Steven was ever interested in so many undertakings, he was ne’er able to go to to all of those he wished. Thus, in 1984, he founded his ain production company, Amblin Entertainment. The consequence would be a figure of great movies including Gremlins, The Back to the Future Trilogy, and Who Framed Roger Rabbit?

Turning tired of making action packed stereotyped Spielberg images, in 1985 Steven made his first effort at serious filmmaking, The Color Purple. The narrative evolved around a adult female, played by Whoopi Goldberg, who is oppressed by the work forces around her. The movie, though received by most as deeply traveling, received unfavorable judgment for what some called? insensitiveness to the worlds of poorness, ferociousness, and black experience? ( Graham 531 ) . The movie made Whoopi Goldberg into immense star and earned eleven Academy Award nominations. Ironically, Steven was snubbed for Best Director and the movie failed to win one award in what would tag the beginning of the Academy? s repute for ignoring movies that deal with Afro-american civilization. His first effort at serious filmmaking would take to 1987? s Empire of the Sun, a movie about a British male child? s experience within a Nipponese concentration cantonment during World War II. Once once more, his male parent? s influence showed up on screen. Empire of the Sun and The Color Purple would be among Steven? s least commercially successful attempts.

In an effort to bounce off of 1991? s box office floating-point operation, Hook, Steven released in the summer of 1993 what would go at the clip the most successful movie in the history of American film. When Jurassic Park was released, Steven made us believe that dinosaurs existed through the usage of digital effects on computing machines. Amazing crowds with hallmark Spielberg action, the movie? s gross would non be toppled until the 1997 winter release of James Cameron? s historical heroic poem Titanic.

During the shoot of Jurassic Park, Steven began work on another undertaking, Schindler? s List, which would go his most critical success of his calling. Schindler? s List is the true narrative of Oskar Schindler who saved over one thousand Jews from certain decease by using them in his mill during World War II. One author for Newsweek noted, ? this film will shatter you, but it earns its cryings candidly? ( Corliss 81 ) . The movie was nominated for eleven Academy Awards and won seven including Best Picture and eventually after all the rejections, Steven won his first Oscar for Best Director. In 1997 when the American Film Institute announced the? 100 Greatest Films of All Time, ? five of Steven? s movies were among them including Schindler? s List which ranked at figure nine. Following the production of the movie, in 1994 Steven founded the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, which recorded unwritten histories of Holocaust subsisters. He so followed that up with the Righteous Persons Foundation, which provided grants for Judaic groups and causes.

After taking a three-year interruption from movie devising, Steven returned in 1997 with a non surprising followup to 1993? s Jurassic Park entitled The Lost World. Despite the movie? s commercial success, the movie has been regarded as the worst work of Steven? s calling. Even Steven himself has noted that the movie was made because he knew that it would be a immense blockbuster.

Subsequently that same twelvemonth, he released the play Amistad, the true narrative of Afro-american work forces? s battle for freedom aboard the slave ship? La Amistad. ? Even though the movie was named as one of the best images of the twelvemonth by critics throughout the state, the movie failed to have any Oscar acknowledgment which some might impute to the Academy? s repute of, one time once more, ignoring movies that deal with African americans and their civilization.

Most late in 1998, Steven released the World War II play Salvaging Private Ryan which single-handedly redefined the term? film violence. ? Making what some may name the most in writing and realistic war film of all time made, Steven made the movie as a testimonial to his male parent and dedicated it to him after having his 2nd Oscar at the seventy-first Annual Academy Awards. Peoples were taught that war is no riant affair.

Steven Spielberg? s movies have left us with so much to retrieve. From the horrors of Auschwitz to the image of a male child on a bike, sillouhetted against the Moon, his movies have sketched images in our heads we are unable to bury. His influence upon mainstream Hollywood directing is more than evident. Whether it be doing us reflect on past calamities or learning us that differences should be celebrated aside from being merely recognized, his methods of storytelling have established him as more than merely a fantastic movie manager, but as a great do-gooder.

Corliss, Richard. ? Peter Pan Grows Up, but Can He Still Fly? ? Time

Magazine. 19 May, 1997. 75-82.

Dyer, Richard. ? At Work Again, he and John Williams Exalt in their

Admiring of 24 Years. ? Boston Globe 24 Feb. 1998: 4/13/99 hypertext transfer protocol: //

Stein, Ruthe. ? Biography: Steven Spielberg. ? Empire Mar. 1998: 4/13/99

hypertext transfer protocol: //

Graham, Judith. Current Biography Yearbook 1996. New York: H.W.

Wilson Company, 1996.

Gritten, David. ? When the Going Got Tough: Steven Spielberg? s D-Day

Drama? Salvaging Private Ryan? salutes the? citizen soldier of WWII? . ? L.A. Times 10, May 1998: 4/13/99 hypertext transfer protocol: //

Martinelle, Betty. Personal Interview. 11 Apr. 1999.

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