The Tennis Court Oath Essay, Research Paper
The Tennis Court Oath was the event in which the underprivileged category of France eventually decided to stand up for their rights. There were many events taking up to the curse which surely restricted the Third Estate. The Third Estate had been abused so much that they wanted to take action. They wanted their ain fundamental law that would procure their rights and privileges. It was this curse combined with a few other events such as the Ramping on the Bastille that started the Gallic Revolution.
The convulsion was started when King Louis XVI had run the authorities about bankrupt. The crop of 1788 was the worst in 90 old ages and the monetary value of staff of life on the streets of Paris exploded upward. Finally, the Bankss began to decline new loans for him. At this point Louis was in deep problem. He had to happen a new manner to do money or France would be economically destroyed. Since the First and Second Estates did non pay revenue enhancements, Louis devised a program to name the Estates General, which had non met in 175 old ages, to order. The King besides said that he would allow each member ballot alternatively of one ballot as a whole in response to the Third Estate s wants. This would hold given the Third Estate a much higher voice in the authorities. Secretly, Louis was merely bluffing, and when the members of the Third Estate arrived at their assigned meeting hall, they found it locked against them. This greatly angered the Third Estate.
They were exhausted from the bunk which had been traveling on for 100s of old ages. They wanted more rights, fewer revenue enhancements, and no more monarchy. The Grande Bourgeoisie wanted their kids to be able to keep high places in the military and ground forces. They besides wanted the Lords and clergy to pay revenue enhancements. The Petite Bourgeoisie wanted the monetary values of nutrient to halt inflating and wanted revenue enhancements to
halt. Finally, the provincials urgently wanted to acquire rid of the tithe and the massively inflating monetary values for staff of life. They were paying about 65 % of their income straight for staff of life entirely. The staff of life and their tithe allocated 75 % of their income, non to advert the cost to the Lords.
Due to a heavy rainfall, they were forced to travel to a nearby tennis tribunal in order to hold their meeting. A adult male named Mounier proposed that the Third Estate adopt an curse of commitment. The curse stated that they would stay assembled until a fundamental law had been written. The proposal was a success and the Tennis Court curse was written. A sum of 577 work forces signed the curse, and one adult male named Martin Dauch refused because he could non make anything which his King had non sanctioned.
The Tennis Court Oath said that the power would lie in the people and their representatives. It would no longer be in the monarchy. A adult male by the name of Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes voted to name itself the National Assembly. This National Assembly would travel on to make a papers named the Declaration of the Rights of Man on August 4, 1789. It stated that all people were equal before the jurisprudence. It besides gave freedom of address, freedom of the imperativeness, freedom of faith, and the right to a just test. Some more major results included the abolition of feudal dues, the abjuration of the church tithe, and the privilege for the Third Estate to keep major military or clergy places.
The Tennis Court Oath was merely a flicker for the Gallic Revolution. The Gallic Revolution besides included many more events such as new fundamental laws being written, the Storming of the Bastille, the Great Fear, and the Reign of Terror. If these despairing people had non eventually taken action, France could still be under serfhood, and the monarchy may still hold complete control over the people.
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